Monthly Archives: April 2017

SA leopard population ‘crashing’, study warns

EXTRACT FROM THE FOLLOWING THIRD-PARTY SOURCE: News24

Paris – The leopard population in a region of South Africa once thick with the big cats is crashing, and could be wiped out within a few years, scientists warned on Wednesday.

Illegal killing of leopards in the Soutpansberg mountain range has reduced their numbers by two-thirds in the last decade, the researchers reported in the Royal Society Open Science journal.

leopard, Africa, ©Simon Espley

©Simon Espley

“If things don’t change, we predict leopards will essentially disappear from the area by about 2020,” lead author Samual Williams, a conservation biologist at Durham University in England, told AFP.

“This is especially alarming given that, in 2008, this area had one of the highest leopard densities in Africa.”

The number of leopards in the wild worldwide is not known, but is diminishing elsewhere as well. The “best estimate” for all of South Africa, said Williams, is about 4 500.

What is certain, however, is that the regions these predators roam has shrunk drastically over the last two centuries.

The historic range of Panthera pardus, which includes more than half-a-dozen sub-species, covered large swathes of Africa and Asia, and extended well into the Arabian Peninsula.

Leopards once roamed the forests of Sri Lanka and Java unchallenged.

Today, they occupy barely a quarter of this territory, with some sub-species teetering on the brink of extinction, trapped in one or two percent of their original habitat.

Leopards were classified last year as “vulnerable” to extinction on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List of endangered species, which tracks the survival status of animals and plants.

South Africa recently suspended trophy hunting of leopards, though experts agree this is not a major cause of the population decline.

Bleak findings

A 2008 census of leopards in the 6 800km² Soutpansberg found a robust population of nearly 11 adult cats for each 100km².

To find out how the carnivores had fared since then, Williams and his team set up four dozen motion-triggered camera traps across the area, and left them in place from 2012 to 2016.

The cameras captured a total of 65 individual leopards during the four-year period: 16 adult males, 28 adult females and 21 younger cats.

They also fitted eight adults with GPS collars to track their movements – or lack thereof.

Only two of the GPS-tagged leopards survived the monitoring period. Three were done in by snares, one was shot by a local resident whose cattle had been attacked, and two went missing, probably killed since they also disappeared from camera surveillance.

A statistical analysis of the results showed “a 66% decline over a period just over 7.5 years”, the study concluded.

Ironically, the bleak findings helped conservationists and local officials raise money to hire a “community engagement officer”.

“One of the things he does is help local people adopt non-lethal techniques” to prevent leopards from attacking cattle and other livestock, including the use of guard dogs, Williams added.

But the clash between humans and big carnivores, experts agree, is mostly due to humanity’s expanding footprint, especially in Africa, whose population is set to expand by more than a billion before mid-century.

As a result, the habitats of most wild megafauna are diminishing, and getting chopped up into smaller and smaller parcels.

“It is extremely alarming that the trends that we are reporting exemplify trends in large carnivores globally,” Williams said.

Studies in Africa of lions, black-backed jackals and bat-eared foxes have showed similar rates of decline.

Up-date Javan Leopard Release Program

One of the projects focused on (wild) leopards Wild Cats World is supporting; very essential for the very endangered Javan leopard. A smashing job done on ground level by Wanicare Foundation and Cikananga Widllife Center. We cannot thank them enough for all the work they do for our precious leopards and their endangered population. A project really worth supporting. If anyone considers a donation, please let us know!! Here’s the March up-date!

The Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) is an endemic species to Java and currently classified as critically endangered species on IUCN Red List, since there are certainly less than 250 mature individuals, possibly even less than 100 left in the wild (Ario et al., 2008). The Javan Leopard is critically endangered as a result of pet trade, poaching, habitat loss and fragmentation but also due to a decline of prey which forces leopards to enter villages to find food. In the last years the number of Javan leopard – human conflicts have significantly increased, and Cikananga Wildlife Center evacuated 9 conflict leopards over last 4 years.

“Here’s some news on the leopards. At the end of March we were involved in 3 Javan leopard conflicts!! The first one occured in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park. Here we were called in as a leopard was found stuck in a trap, seriously injured. We went there immediately and luckily the situation was less serious than expected, although it was of course very stressfull and bad for the leoapard. Its paw was firmly stuck but fortunately not very injured. We tranquilized the leopard and released it from the trap that was actually for wild boars (illegal of course!). After consultation with local people and the rangers of the NP we had the leopard released in the same area (only further into the forest). In this area were no leopard and human conflicts, there were never leopards caught in this way and there was still a lot of  prey for the leopards to hunt. The local population even was in favour of the leopards. And since the animal wasn’t badly injured, knowing with almost 100% certainty this was his own territory, it was the best option to release straight again. We didn’t hear anything after this, so a happy ending for this leopard.
For us, this was also a good learning process and in this way we could also see what’s important in the future, things we had not thought of before in our endeavours to rescue the leopards. So this can be included again in the leopard release management plan and document we are working hard on.
On the way back to Cikananga we got a call that a leopard conflict was happening in the area of Cianjur. The police was already involved, and they were trying to capture a leopard. We went there and it turned out to be a young very weakened leopard. The story told by the locals; the leopard walked to this village and did kill life stock has caught and was trying to attack people. Considering the bad state the leopard was in, we have strong doubts about the story as it was told but it’s always hard to really know the true story behind a leopard capture or kill. As the leopard was already caught, scrawny, dehydrated and weakened, and as the story about what had happened to and with the leopard was so unclear, we decided to take him to Cikananga. Release him again would be too risky. As she was so very weak it was not possible to use anesthesia in order to do full medical check and tests on diseases. We aren’t even sure about the sexe of the leopard but we think it is a female. She is now regaining strength, does eat each day and we gave antibiotics as she smelled like she was suffering from some sort of infection. Further on she got deworming and daily vitamins.  Hopefully she can endure aneasthesia for a quick checkup soon. We think she is approx 1.5-2 years old. The third case was a leopard, trapped not far from Cikapuh who was in a very bad state, very weak. Presumably poisoned.  Not much we could do there and we soon heard she indeed died.”

Serval Joy gave birth….

In the night of the 1st/2nd of April 2017 our female serval Joy gave birth to 3 healthy kittens. The trio is drinking well and Joy is an excellent mom, grooming them and being very protective.

Fortunately daddy Norrick is feeling much better again; we are so glad and grateful we managed to pull him through the wars when he was suffering renal failure. We decided not to give up on him and so far, so good.

The little family is together and not long before the kittens will start wandering around, giving the parents a lot of work. The kittens will stay with us for as long as possible. We do have requests

from Private Game Reserves who want to release one or more of our servals. We will first give the family enough time to be together and to teach the kittens all that is essential, after that we

will consider looking into the requests we received, as of course the aim of our project is to support the species in the wild.

NEW PROJECT!!!! Pallas Cat Conservation

As announced on March 16, 2017 , the WCW Pallas Cat Conservation Project is become a reality since we signed the contract with the Zoo de Lyon.

I hear already people saying, but there are pallas cat at Zoo de Lyon. Wrong, they have 2 pallas cat but not visible from the pubic( infortunately) due to the fact that they are looking for fund to build a brand new enclosure.

The WCW Pallas cat Conservation Project could be split in 2 sub-projects:

  • Help and support Zoo de Lyon to raise funds for work related to the Pallas cat . Conservation in-situ and ex-situ.
  • The other one which is the most important one is to raise funds for the PICA project – Pallas’s cat International Conservation Alliance.

First of all , we would like to thank Zoo De lyon to enable us to use the picures of their pallas cat as our ambassador for our project.
Let’s talk about the PICA Project :
This project was launched in March 2016 by Nordens Ark Zoo, Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, Snow Leopard Triust and Fondation Segré.

Project Aims

  • Map Pallas cat distribution more accurately using camera trapping technology
  • Gain a better understanding of the veracity of the “recognised” Pallas’s cat sub-species
  • Aid field researchers in the provision of educational material for local villages / schools within range countries
  • Enhance the global Pallas cat network
  • Aid future species assessments through the IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group
  • Highlight the importance and value of collaboration between zoos and field projects

Currently our projects are focusing in Nepal, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Iran and are not only raising the profile of the species throughout these countries but giving us a clearer picture of the threats toward Pallas cat populations. As an elusive species that is rarely seen by man our researchers are using trail camera technology to shed new light on Pallas cat behaviour and in turn making future conservation efforts more achievable.
To enable this project to work , and due to the fact that Pallas cat is not iconic as other big cats, that we do not have a lot of information and research on him, we will focus to have camera trap in the area where we think there are some and also in captivity. But also which from my point of view to develop with PICA a standardised education materiel, to run awareness campaign for promoting Pallas cat on the web, social media and why not in school

What you can do to help us to achieve all this with PICA?

  • “Adopt” one of our ambassadors ( pictures and stories will come soon)
  • Be part of our project
  • Help us and talk about Pallas cat around you

Bérengère Desmet (France) is in charge of the new Pallas Cat Conservation Project for Wild Cats World.

For more info, you can visit the web site of WCW and Zoo de Lyon and also the Facebook pages.

Zoo de Lyon : http://www.zoo.lyon.fr/zoo
Wild Cats World : http://www.wildcatsworld.org/ 
Zoo de Lyon : https://www.facebook.com/#!/ZOO-DE-LYON-page-officielle-117423834961596/?fref=ts 
Wild Cats World: https://www.facebook.com/#!/Wild-Cats-World-122586544451718/?fref=ts 

Help us save wild cats worldwide!donate2

 



Featured Ambassador

Featured Project

WCW Leopard Conservation

When Babette de Jonge started her non-profit foundation Wild Cats World in June 2010, she already had her mind set on starting a special leopard project. There are lots of cheetah, tiger and even lion conservationprojects, creating awareness for the bad situation of these species in the wild, but somehow people always seem to have the strange and wrong idea that the leopard numbers are still save. Even though there never really was a leopard census, neither in Africa, nor in Asia. Also leopards are being killed in both countries on a daily basis. In India up till 2011 there were 356 leopards killed in 365 days, but in 2012 these numbers seem to be increasing.

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